Facial pain may be intense, dull, trembling or stabbing discomfort in the forehead or face.
Further, this can take place in one or both sides of the face.
What are the causes of Facial Pain?
Pain that begins in the face may be caused by an infection, a problem in the nerve or injury.
This may also start in the other areas of the body.
- Cluster Headache
Cluster headache is regarded as one of the most painful types of headache. This typically awakens a person in the middle of the night due to excruciating pain around in or one eye on one side of the head.
Cluster periods or periods of frequent attacks may last for a few weeks to months, commonly followed by remission periods at the time the headache attacks cease totally.
This refers to a recurrent trembling headache which commonly affects one side of the head and is frequently accompanied by disturbed vision and nausea.
- Tic Douloureux
Also known as trigeminal neuralgia, this is known as a stabbing and severe pain to one side of the face. This starts from one or more nerve branches that support the sensation to the face which is referred to as the trigeminal nerve.
This is deemed as one of the most excruciating conditions to affect people.
This condition is a painful infection in between the tooth and gum or an infection at the tooth’s root. It is normally caused by severe tooth decay. Meanwhile other causes are trauma to the tooth like gum disease, chipped or broken tooth.
- Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
This is a problem that affects the joints and chewing muscles between the base of the skull and the lower jaw. It is also otherwise known as myofascial pain disorder. This condition is not commonly serious and its symptoms compose of difficulties eating, jaw joint popping or clicking and pain that generally last for a few months before it subsides.
- Shingles (Herpes Zoster) or Cold Sores (Herpes Simplex Infection)
Shingles is typically caused by virus known as the varicella zoster which refers to the same virus that causes chickenpox. A person who had been afflicted with chickenpox may also develop shingles.
In addition to this, after a person recovers from chickenpox, the virus can penetrate the nervous system and then remain dormant for several years. Later, this may reactivate and sail along the nerve pathways to the skin which produces shingles.
On the other hand, cold sores are swelling, abscess or inflamed blister near or inside the mouth which are usually caused by infection with herpes simplex virus.
- Injury to the Face
- Sinus Infection or Sinusitis
This pertains to an inflammation of the nasal passages and sinuses. This condition can cause pressure on the cheek area, nose, on one side of the head or in the eyes as well as headache.
An individual suffering from a sinus infection can also suffer from fever, cough, bad breath, sore throat and nasal congestion that come with thick nasal secretions. It is commonly categorized as sudden onset (acute) or long-term (chronic).
This condition describes an excruciating sensation of the palate, lips or tongue which may also include a general sensation of discomfort in the entire mouth.
There are also times when the reason for this condition is unknown.