A great number of communities globally lack adequate natural fluoride in drinking water to block caries.
Water fluoridation projects have been established in several nations since the year 1930s; this is the period when its ability to minimize dental caries was initially recognized.
Water fluoridation in water supplies that contain low fluoride greatly aids in maintaining excellent dental tissue development as well as dental enamel protection against caries attack for life.
The fluoride found in the water people drink every day actually acts primarily through its retention in saliva and dental plaque.
Moreover, regular intake of various products and drinking water which are made with fluoridated water retain intra-oral fluoride levels. People including the elders precisely benefit from community water fluoridation.
For instance, the predominance of caries on teeth’s root surfaces is oppositely linked to fluoride levels in drinking water, this implies that within the non-lethal range for fluoride, the greater the level of fluoride in water the lesser the level of dental decay.
This conclusion is essential because with an aging population and rising tooth retention, the predominance of dental root caries would be anticipated to be greater in the inexistence of fluoridation.
Where possible, fluoridation of water supplies is deemed as the most efficient public health measure for the prevention of dental decay. This is perceived as a multi-professional project in which nutritionists, chemists, engineers, physicians and dentists all play very pivotal roles.
More than that, the effectiveness of fluoridation projects and the approach communities accept these programs significantly relies on the general condition of dental health and whether there is attendance and convenient access for free dental health care for young people and children and higher standards or good oral hygiene and balanced diet.
The unison among dental professionals is that fluoridation is the sole important channel to minimize dental caries not least because water serves as a very valuable part of diet for all people in the community leaving aside people’s willingness to go to and pay for dental treatment or people’s motivation to maintain good oral hygiene.
Meanwhile, in a few developed nations, the economic and health benefits of fluoridation may be insignificant but especially critical in deprived countries where fluoridation is seen as a valuable factor in lessening inequalities in dental health.
Safe Water Supplies and Oral Hygiene
Good oral health necessitates a clean water supply which is adequate enough for cleaning and brushing the teeth regularly from an early age. People are fully aware that poor oral hygiene may lead to periodical issues simply because the dental plaque may bring about deep pockets and gingival inflammation. Much as fluoride consumption from a low sugar, balanced diet and drinking water are perhaps the most indispensable factors in diminishing dental caries, lack of clean water for basic dental hygiene may tilt the balance towards earlier as well as more serious patterns of caries.
Indeed, where fluoride concentrations in diet or drinking water are observed as lesser, community water fluoridation is cost-effective and danger-free. While there are confirmed benefits from putting fluoride to waters that come with low natural fluoride, fluorosis prevails as an issue in regions where the natural concentration of fluoride is greater.