Oral diseases affect most people usually as they grow older and in most cases, adults between the aged of 20 – 64 are more likely to have periodontal diseases.
Inflammation around the tooth that affects the gum is the most common disease.
It affects the soft and hard structures of the gum that holds the teeth.
In its early stage, it is called gingivitis where the gum area becomes swollen and red due to inflammation as this is the body’s natural response to the presence of harmful bacteria. In its more serious stage, it is called periodontitis where the gums pulls itself away from the tooth and leads to the supporting gum tissues to eventually destroy itself.
Teeth will loosen and fall out eventually, as do bone can be lost. However, not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis, especially if you take early prevention.
Most people show slow or no signs of periodontal diseases while others are more evident, especially in adulthood. Though this can occur because of bacterial infections, there are other factors as to why these diseases happen.
As most diseases, it can be inherited or genetically presence in a person’s body hence leading to these inflammation that is caused by these systematic diseases. Hormonal changes in a body are also a factor since it usually occurs during pregnancy, menopause and puberty as this period makes gums more sensitive.
A person with cancer who undergoes neck and head chemotherapy or a person with HIV can develop periodontal diseases as their body has a higher risk of developing infections. At the same time, a person with inadequate oral hygiene; not brushing or flossing on a daily basis as well as smoking makes it easier to develop gingivitis as it is harder for the gums to repair itself.
These habits should be thrown and avoided at all costs if you value your teeth, and prevents you from having to wear dentures at a young age.
The symptoms that shows is when your gum bleeds during or after you brush your teeth, the swelling of the gum, red or tender gum, and having noticing your gums are receding. At the same time, if you have bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth that persists is another symptom.
More serious symptoms that should be checked is when you feel there is a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite down, or when you notice deep pocket formations between the teeth and gum. Should these symptoms happen to you, do not procrastinate in booking an appointment with your dentist.
Preventing yourself from developing periodontal diseases can be done by having adequate dental hygiene. However, should it persists, visit the periodontist (a dentist who specializes in periodontal diseases) to help you in keeping any gum diseases at bay. Scaling, root planning (a procedure where the infected surface of the root is cleaned), root surface debridement, and using surgical procedures (whether for sever periodontal disease or cosmetic purposes) can be done by seeing the periodontist.