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Teeth with braces

All About Dental Braces

What are dental braces?

Dental braces are orthodontic devices that align and straighten the teeth.

Also known as orthodontic cases or simply braces, they help position teeth at the right places.

What are the parts of dental braces?

Three components comprise braces: brackets on each tooth, a band or bonding to attach a bracket to each tooth, and an archwire that connects all brackets together.

Braces apply steady pressure over a period of time. They gradually move the teeth in a particular direction. The pressure and movement alter the bone in form.

What different type of braces are there?

This orthodontic device also comes in different options. It includes metal braces, clear or tooth-colored braces, lingual braces, and gold braces. Each option offers features suited for a patient’s various needs.

  • Metal braces. These type of braces are the best choice for complex cases since metal braces are more precise and fit smaller areas.
  • Clear or tooth-colored braces. Also known as ceramic braces, this orthodontic device is less intimidating aesthetically. They are less visible than metal braces. But tooth-colored braces are still prone to staining.
  • Lingual braces. Unlike regular braces, lingual braces are attached to the interior of the teeth, making them less noticeable.
  • Gold braces. These braces are more popular with teens than with adults. They are made of steel and coated with shiny gold for those who want to embrace their braces.

Why would someone need braces?

Dentists recommend braces for people with buck teeth, crossbite, underbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing, crowding, and jaw joint disorders.

When these orthodontic problems are left without treatment, they can lead to different oral health problems. Patients may be at risk of tooth decay and gum recession, deterioration of oral bones, bleeding gums, enamel deterioration, eating and speaking problems, as well as jaw problems.

Orthodontic Treatment with Dental Braces

Treatment for orthodontic problems lasts an average of 18 to 24 months. The treatment period differs depending on the severity of the case and how responsive a patient is to the treatment program.

Getting braces also involves several appointments for adjustments and proper care.

To ensure that braces function properly, the patient must provide utmost attention in cleaning the orthodontic appliance and practicing good oral hygiene.

How To Care For Your Dental Braces?

Proper care of braces makes them comfortable to wear and inhibits damages to the teeth and the braces. It will also keep the gums and teeth in good condition while under orthodontic treatment.

There is a tendency to accumulate plaque and food particles when wearing an orthodontic device. Adhering to the recommended twice a day brushing, flossing, and rinsing using mouthwash remains crucial, as well as regularly visiting your orthodontist.

Some food and beverages need to be avoided as well. Acidic and sugary foods and drinks can erode the tooth enamel and cause decay. Discoloration of the brackets may also occur.

It is also essential that you observe a healthy and balanced diet. Consume foods that are nutritious and healthy for your teeth like cheese, celery, carrots, apples, and cashews.

A consultation with your dentist or orthodontist is advised to make sure that your braces are sound, and your mouth is healthy.

References:

https://oralb.com/en-us/oral-health/life-stages/braces/types-of-braces

https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/braces-and-retainers

https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/braces/about/pac-20384607

https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/cosmetic-dentistry/adult-orthodontics/what-are-the-different-types-of-braces-and-which-is-right-for-me-0414

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