Healthy gums are important because they support your teeth.
Weak gums mean weaker teeth, making it harder to chew without risking damage to them.
The health of your gums have also been correlated to other diseases like diabetes, so proper care of gums also means a healthier you as well.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Red Gums
- Bleeding Gums When Brushing or Flossing
- Receding Gums
- Loose Teeth
- Chronic Bad Breath
How We Help Treat Gum Disease
Your dentist and hygienist will look for any signs of gum disease. Sometimes, a thick, tough layer of tartar can form below the gum line.
Getting rid of this tartar requires a deeper, more rigorous cleaning called scaling and root planning. After this, plaque is removed, and tartar is scraped off both below and above the gum line.
Rough spots on the root of the tooth are made smooth to get rid of bacteria and provide a nice clean surface so that the gums can reattach themselves to your teeth.
Your dentist will decide what is the best solution for your teeth and gums.
If gum disease is serious, your dentist make recommend gum surgery. One surgical option is pocket reducing surgery, which lifts your gums back so the tartar underneath it can be removed.
If any bone has been damaged by bacteria, this can be smoothed out to limit the areas where dangerous bacteria can hide and do further damage. Afterwards, the gums are repositioned allowing the tissue to fit snugly around your tooth or teeth once again.
More serious treatment when gum disease is more advanced
If gum disease is ignored in its early stages, bone loss is a very real possibility. When too much bone loss occurs, you may need a bone graft to make the bone strong and healthy again.
Bone grafts are done by taking bone fragments from healthy bone found somewhere else in your body and using them to build up the weak spots. The latest technology in this space include tissue engineering, which is used to help bone regenerate in your body fast.
A soft tissue graft canbe used to thicken up thinning gums or fill up places where gums have started to recede due to gum disease. Grafted tissue, which is typically taken from the roof of your mouth, is put in place to bulk up the affected area.
Thankfully, surgery is a last-ditch effort for most patients, and scaling and root planing is usually all you need for the treatment of gum disease.