Parents always assume that children obtain cavities mainly because as kids they aren’t able to follow good oral hygiene practices routinely especially when unsupervised by adults.
This may true to some extent; however, tooth decay is regarded as a disease that is known as dental caries which is precisely caused by certain germs.
This easily spreads within families and it can even last for a lifetime.
Moreover, it is more common among young kids as compared to other chronic diseases like diabetes and asthma.
Research revealed that roughly four million very young children suffer from tooth decay nowadays and this is due to the reality that children have more sugar in their daily diet even at a very early age.
In the same way, the popularity of bottled water is seen as a great contributor to the growing problem in dental caries since these products do not contain fluoride.
It matters to understand that tooth decay starts with a cluster of germs known as mutans streptococcus. The germs feed on sugar and eventually produce acid which damages the teeth through diminishing calcium.
Furthermore, the bacteria also accumulate plaque that build up on teeth and is very vigorous in eroding the teeth’s enamel. Due to lack of calcium, the tooth’s surface may collapse and forms a cavity.
A lot of people may be unaware of the fact that babies are born without any harmful bacteria in their mouth. Research has revealed that mothers usually infect their kids prior the age of two.
This occurs when mothers transmit their saliva into the baby’s mouth through repeatedly eating using the same toothbrush or spoon. In addition, if the mother often had cavities, she will certainly pass the bacteria along.
The baby will be more susceptible to cavities once his or her mouth has become filled with mutans. As a result, the baby will have a hard time eating his or her foods and may experience pain.
People must be aware of the reality that high levels of decay-causing bacteria may be passed along in families. In point of fact, approximately eighty percent of all cavities take place in just 25% of children.
The main role which bacteria play in tooth decay may also expound why some children who consume more sweets or do not floss are unfortunate enough to inhibit oral issues.
As parents, it is essential to take responsibility for a child’s dental health particularly if you have had problems with your teeth just like you would be extra careful and cautious if you have had family history of cancer or heart disease. Sadly, antibiotics cannot fully prevent the cavity-causing bacteria in the child’s mouth.
This is the reason why AAP otherwise known as the American Academy of Pediatrics definitely encourage pediatricians to ask parents about their dental history at the time their child is six months old. Apart from this, it is also advisable to recommend additional precautions if the child is at high risk of the disease.
As always, parents are responsible for the welfare of their children. Any type of disease will be surely avoided so long as healthy lifestyle and proper oral hygiene is practiced regularly at home.