What is gingivitis?
These three are different from each other in their own ways, but have one thing in common – they pose harmful effects on your oral health.
If you don’t pay attention to these problems, you will find yourself in dire regret.
Among these oral health problems, gingivitis, if left untreated will lead to a more serious periodontitis problem.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums that surround your teeth. This is the early stage of gum disease or periodontal disease and can be treated by your dental treatment as well as good oral habits.
There are different types and stages of periodontal disease from mild to severe gingivitis. However, studies also show an uncommon condition, called “necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis”, which poses a great risk to your health.
The bacteria resides in your gums and resides there as it is warm, moist and your leftover food left in between your teeth becomes their food. Soon enough, they release chemicals and acids that harm your mouth. The inflammation process affects the soft tissues of your gums and gingivitis begins.
How is gingivitis caused?
- Bad oral habits: It is almost always the number one cause of gum diseases. Not brushing your teeth regularly leaves room for bacteria to thrive your mouth. Additionally, not flossing also contributes to causing gingivitis. The spaces in between your teeth cannot be reached by brushing alone.
- Smoking cigarettes: Health experts warn smokers that cigarette smoking poses a lot of health issues and gingivitis is one of them. Tissue repair is difficult to treat because of the nicotine that resides in your mouth.
- Medications: There are certain medications that dry up your mouth and lessen salivary production. The saliva has protective substances to your gums and teeth. Some of the medications include Adalat, Procardia, anti seizure medications like Dilantin.
- Illness: Patients with poor immune systems, such as HIV or cancer, can also cause gingivitis because the body has an inability to fight off the bacteria.
- Hormonal changes: Studies showed that those who experience puberty, pregnancy, menopause and even menstruation makes your gums more sensitive.
Signs and symptoms
It is easy to know if you experience gingivitis if you experience these symptoms:
- Soft, swollen gums
- Pain on the gums or tenderness is noted
- Bleeding gums when brushing your teeth or flossing
- The gums changes its color from pink to dusky red
- Bad breath
Gingivitis treatment and prevention
Treatment and prevention of gingivitis depends on the degree of gum disease you are in. The earlier gingivitis is detected; there is a wide array of treatment options for you.
It is very important that you seek your dentists’ help especially if you notice that your gingivitis is worsening or when there is tartar buildup in your teeth. Your dentist can do a full dental checkup and even treat the underlying cause as well as prescribe antibacterial mouthwash and/or toothpaste with fluoride.
In regards to oral health, your dentist is not the only one responsible for maintaining your healthy teeth. You should also take part in the process by establishing a daily oral hygiene regimen. Brushing your teeth about twice a day using soft bristled toothbrush, regular flossing and eating healthy can reduce the risk of gum disease, as well as treat it.