Poor oral hygiene is undoubtedly the most common cause of gum problems, but we cannot deny the fact that there are other factors that can lead to this condition.
Not brushing the teeth properly and on a regular basis can definitely cause plaque to accumulate on the teeth.
People are aware of the fact that the mouth is a favorite dwelling place of bacteria.
The food debris stuck between the teeth can pile up if the teeth, gums, and the entire mouth in general are not properly cleaned.
As a result, the teeth become damaged by plaque and tartar.
It is essential to understand that when you eat food and drink beverages that are loaded with carbs (starchy and sugary food and beverages), the bacteria present in plaque transform the carbs into the energy they require. This then produces acid simultaneously.
As time passes by, the acid in plaque starts to break down the tooth’s surface, which is what results in dental caries. Plaque is typically easy to get rid of by regular and proper brushing, flossing, and regular visits to the dentist.
However, this can harden and mold into a substance known as tartar if it is not properly cleared up in a timely manner. Tartar lingers more solidly to teeth and is much more visible compared to plaque. Tartar must be completely removed by a dental professional, typically through scraping it away with special tools.
Who’s most at risk for developing gum disease?
Needless to say, aside from poor oral hygiene, there are many factors that can heighten the risk of developing complications with the gums, including:
- A family history of gum disease
- Smoking or the use of tobacco products
- Malnutrition — This pertains to a condition that takes place when a person’s diet is insufficient or does not contain the required amount of nutrients.
- Mouth breathing — This can truly be damaging to the gums especially when they are not shielded by the lips. Moreover, this can cause persistent inflammation and irritation.
- Age — As a person gets older, gum problems become more common.
- A weakened immune system
- Diabetes — This refers to a condition that causes a person’s blood glucose levels to increase and exceed the normal range.
- Hormonal changes typically due to adolescence, pregnancy, or during menopause. The increase in hormones actually causes the blood vessels in the gums to be more vulnerable to a chemical as well as a bacterial attack.
- Certain medications such as anti-seizure prescriptions can promote gum problems.
- Cancer and its treatment can make a person more prone to infection; thus, this augments the likelihood of gum disease.
- Rotated, overlapping, or crooked teeth make more hubs for calculus and plaque to compile and are harder to keep tidy.
Do gum problems cause halitosis?
Halitosis is most often linked with a condition such as gum problems. As the bacteria that are generally present in the mouth break down tartar and plaque, these discharge chemicals that have solid odor.
Likewise, halitosis arises from plaque which accumulates on the tongue. As the tartar and plaque are cleared up from the tongue and teeth with the help of regular brushing, daily flossing, and professional dental cleanings; bad breath can be surely prevented.