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Burning Mouth Syndrome: Overview, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Burning mouth syndrome describes a condition where a burning pain is present in the mouth for several days or several months. Primary burning mouth syndrome is related to problems with the central or peripheral nervous system's taste and sensory nerves. Secondary burning mouth syndrome is when the root cause is an underlying medical condition such as dry mouth, nutritional deficiencies, dentures, allergic reactions, or psychological factors like anxiety or depression.

Burning Mouth Syndrome is also challenging to detect. Moreover, one of the many reasons people suffer from this condition usually does not have an oral health problem that the dentist or doctor can see at the time of examination.

So, often, the dentist or doctor may refer their patient to a specialist. People who specialize in diagnosing this condition compose of dentists who specialize in oral surgery or oral medicine. On the other hand, other specialists comprise doctors like throat, nose, ear specialists, dermatologists, or gastroenterologists.

The doctor or dentist will go over your medical history, and he/she will also examine your mouth. Several examinations may be required, and these include:

  • Salivary flow test
  • Oral swab tests
  • Imaging tests
  • Biopsy of tissue
  • Allergy tests
  • Blood exams to check for the particular medical issue

What are the treatment options for Burning Mouth Syndrome?

Doctors are the right people who can offer you great relief. The medicines relieve dry mouth and control pain. Since burning mouth syndrome is a complicated pain disorder, the treatment that wonderfully works for one individual may not precisely work for the other.

It is important to note that secondary burning mouth syndrome symptoms vanish when treating the underlying medical condition. 

A Few Simple Changes Can Help:

  • Chew sugar-free gum, especially ones with Xylitol.
  • Stop utilizing an oral rinse that contains alcohol.
  • Refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages.
  • Stop utilizing toothpaste that has sodium lauryl sulfate.
  • Avoid beverages that contain high acids like soft drinks, coffee, and fruit juices
  • Make use of water and baking soda when you brush your teeth.
  • Suck on ice chips or sip water.
  • Stop smoking or using tobacco products.


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