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Women And Oral Health

It’s vital that both men and women upkeep their oral health. We cannot have a healthy body without excellent oral standing.

However, women have a few different causes for their dental issues that men do not (and cannot) experience.

Dental issues can arise from:

Use of birth control

Birth control pills work because they trick the body into believing it’s already pregnant. Therefore, the body skips ovulation and dramatically reduces pregnancy risks.

However, because your body already thinks it’s pregnant, the difference in hormones in individuals who use birth control can cause oral health problems such as oral swelling, discomfort, and sensitivity.

Menstrual cycles

Menstrual cycles and the many symptoms that come along with it are natural. However, what many do not know is that the change in hormones that occur along with PMS and menstruation can cause inflammation of the gums and gum sensitivity.

Some, during menstruation, deal with an increase in oral sores or blisters. These, however, should go away within around a week, otherwise should be looked at by a doctor or dental professional.

Because of these reasons, it is essential to keep up with your oral health during menstruation. You must also keep a close eye on any oral-related changes to ensure menstruation is what’s causing them.


Again with the change in hormones, it is not uncommon for pregnant women to experience gum problems. One condition is known as “pregnancy gingivitis” causes temporary gum inflammation, redness, tenderness, and sometimes bleeding.

Some expecting mothers also have an increase in tooth decay and even periodontitis (comes after gingivitis). Women with periodontitis risk their baby being both prematurely and underweight.

During pregnancy especially, it is vital that women ensure their oral standing is well cared for. An increase in bacteria in the mouth can cause potential harm to both the mother and unborn baby if allowed to get out of control. It is believed that oral bacteria can spread to the placenta and amniotic fluid.

While your immune system is partially responsible for keeping your body (and fetus) healthy, letting oral bacteria multiply excessively can be too much for your body to fight off. It can also cause other health ailments in the future.

Those expecting should still attend their biannual dental visits, or more if necessary, to ensure their oral standing is where it needs to be. Please notify your dentist if you are pregnant to provide specific treatments, materials, and such are not used if they are risky for fetuses in the womb.


Another significant change in hormones in a woman’s life comes through menopause, which again can cause oral health issues.

Just from menopause alone, it is said that this can risk dry mouth, menopausal gingivostomatitis, change in taste, eating disorders (common as women’s bodies change), burning mouth syndrome, and changes in bone density of the teeth.

Indeed, most of these conditions women face may not all be able to be avoided (or may not be applicable). When it does come to them, however, women need to be especially attentive to their oral health to ensure changes in hormones aren’t the primary cause of their oral health problems.

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