phone icon

Call Now!

Parotitis: Causes, Risk Factors, And Treatment | Hawaii Family Dental

Parotitis is the term given to infection and inflammation of the biggest salivary glands called parotid glands.

In addition, inflammation takes place when the tissues around the salivary glands are sore, red and swelling. Salivary glands are the ones in charge of producing saliva in the mouth. Saliva plays a very valuable role in cleansing the mouth.

So, once the salivary glands are inflamed, a reduction in the salivary glands' ability to work properly may result in mouth infections.

What causes Parotitis?

Inflamed parotitis is caused by radiation, different kinds of diseases, drugs, and infection.

Mumps are the most typical viral cause of this condition; however, vaccinations have mumped an uncommon disease.

Furthermore, a bacterial infection in parotitis generally results from the buildup and growth of bacteria inside the salivary glands. One of the most usual causes of parotitis is poor oral hygiene or the salivary duct's blocking.

Apart from these, certain medications for a dry mouth like antihistamines may double the risk of parotitis, just like radiation therapy (a form of cancer treatment).

What are the Risk Factors for Parotitis?

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Sjogren syndrome
  • Direct or close contact with someone who is already infected with the mumps
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Dehydration
  • Not being vaccinated with the MMR vaccine
  • Certain medications such as antipsychotics, antihistamines and anticholinergic

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Parotitis?

The signs and symptoms of parotitis can differ. Some people are unaware that the disease is present, while other people experience pain and noticeable swelling.

Luckily, parotitis can be easy to treat with medication. It is now possible to minimize the risk of developing parotitis by drinking plenty of fluids, practicing proper oral hygiene, frequent hand washing, and getting MMR vaccine to ward off mumps.

It is recommendable to seek medical care in case the symptoms are severe. Difficulty swallowing, trouble breathing, and a high fever are all causes for concern with parotitis. Likewise, seek immediate medical care if mild symptoms are persistent and recur even with the proper treatment.

Risk Factors for Parotitis:

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Sjogren syndrome
  • Direct or close contact with someone with mumps
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Dehydration
  • Not being vaccinated with the MMR vaccine
  • Certain medications such as antipsychotics, antihistamines, and anticholinergics

What Are the Treatment Options for Parotitis?

Antibiotic therapy is the pillar of treatment for this condition. If secondary infection takes place inside the mouth because of malfunctioning salivary glands, then antibiotics may be necessary for treatment.

The presence of pus inside the mouth or fever are often indicators parotitis is present. In case complications like abscesses emerge, aspiration or surgical drainage may be necessary.

Besides carefully following the doctor's orders, you can achieve a speedy recovery by following the below tips.

Here are some of the crucial things to do to improve parotitis:

  • Drink lots of fluids.
  • Consume soft foods.
  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day.
  • Consider gargling with warm salt water to keep the mouth sterile.
  • Avoid tobacco use or smoking.

Keep in mind that you can minimize the risk of serious complications by complying with your doctor's treatment plan specifically for you.

Scroll to top