Cold sores are clusters of tiny, frequently large, red, and erythematous blisters on the lips and mouth. After a few days to two weeks of healing, these blisters may burst, leak a clear fluid, and scab over after a few days.

What Causes Cold Sores?

HSV-1, also known as the herpes labialis virus, causes cold sores. The infection can spread through kissing, mouth-to-mouth contact, sharing a drink with someone who has a cold sore, contaminated fluids, or saliva.

These Are Some Common Symptoms:

  • Pain around the mouth and lips
  • A sore throat
  • Swollen glands in the neck and other parts of the body
  • Drooling for children

How To Diagnose And Treat Them?

It is possible to diagnose cold sores without having to go through any difficult diagnostic procedures. In most cases, the doctor will inspect you and inquire whether you have recently been in contact with the virus.

Cold sores often take a few days to two weeks to naturally heal. However, using skin creams, ointments, and medications can reduce the discomfort caused by the sores and speed up the healing process for one to two days. 

Keep the area around the sores clean by properly washing with antiseptic soap. Ingredients in antiseptic soap serve to reduce the possibility of irritation.

Think about utilizing over-the-counter medications to shield the sore from irritants further or relieve discomfort.

Can They Be Prevented?

Although the herpes simplex virus is, unfortunately, a lifelong resident of your body, there are precautions you may take to avoid contracting the illness.

  • Avoid contact with infected bodily fluids.
  • Avoid sharing utensils and drinks with anyone infected with the virus.

Additionally, if you have the virus, you can lessen the frequency of outbreaks by:

  • Avoiding stress and colds or flu, which can be a trigger.
  • Use lip balm and sunscreen as too much sunlight causes cold sores to flare.
  • Wash your hands often and avoid touching your mouth.
  • Consult your doctor if they appear frequently. Treatments may help to reduce the recurrence of sores.
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