Facial pain can cause intense, dull, or stabbing discomfort in the forehead or general regions of the face.
Further, this can take place on one or both sides of the face.
Nevertheless, pinpointing what’s causing your facial pain to begin will is critical. The culprits of facial pain can range from minor to severe.
What are the causes of Facial Pain?
Pain that begins in the face can be due to an infection, a nerve problem, or injury.
This may also start in the other areas of the body before spreading to your face depending on what the cause is.
A cluster headache is one of the most painful types of headaches. This typically wakes a person in the middle of the night due to excruciating pain in or around one of their eyes. A red, watery eye; a runny nose; or nasal congestion are also common with a cluster headache.
Cluster headaches may last for a few weeks to months, commonly followed by remission periods. This refers to a recurrent trembling headache which typically affects one side of the head and is frequently accompanied by disturbed vision and nausea.
Also known as trigeminal neuralgia, this is known as a stabbing, severe pain on one side of the face. This starts from one or more nerve branches that support the feeling and motor functions of the face.
This is deemed as one of the most excruciating conditions known to man.
This condition is a painful infection in between the tooth and gum or an infection at the tooth’s root. It is normally caused by severe tooth decay. Meanwhile, other causes are trauma to the tooth due to gum disease, a chipped tooth, or a broken tooth.
TMJ is a problem that affects the joints and chewing muscles between the base of the skull and the lower jaw. It is also otherwise known as myofascial pain disorder.
This condition is not usually serious. However, its symptoms include difficulty eating, jaw joint popping or clicking, and pain that generally lasts for a few months before it subsides. For some people, however, TMJ is consistent whereas it may only come about in periods of emotional stress.
Shingles (Herpes Zoster) or Cold Sores (Herpes Simplex Infection)
Shingles is typically caused by a virus known as the varicella-zoster. This is the same virus that causes chickenpox. A person who had been afflicted with chickenpox may also develop shingles.
Even long after a person recovers from chickenpox, the virus can penetrate the nervous system and then remain dormant for several years. Later, this may reactivate and sail along the nerve pathways of the skin, producing shingles.
On the other hand, cold sores are swelling or inflamed blister near or inside the mouth which are usually caused by infection with the herpes simplex virus.
Sinus Infection or Sinusitis
Sinusitis pertains to the inflammation of the nasal passages and sinuses. This condition can cause pressure in the areas of the cheeks, nose, eyes, and/or the forehead.
An individual suffering from a sinus infection can also suffer from fever, cough, bad breath, sore throat, and nasal congestion that comes with thick nasal secretions. A sinus infection can be sudden onset (acute) or long-term (chronic).
This condition describes an excruciating sensation of the palate, lips or tongue which may also include a general sensation of discomfort in the entire mouth.
Damaged nerves are said to cause burning mouth syndrome. However, there are also times when the reason for this condition is unknown.
In the end, there are many reasons that could contribute to facial pain. Facial pain, whether temporary or long-term, can be looked at by a medical professional or a dentist depending on what it is.