Fractures in teeth can range from mild (chipping of the external tooth layers, dentin, and enamel) to serious (horizontal, diagonal and vertical fractures of the root). Dentin and enamel are considered two external guarding layers of the tooth.
Wear and tear caused by chewing hard objects like hard candies, nuts, ice cubes and pencils and due to cavities may also result in tooth fractures. A severe fracture exposes the pulp tissue and the dentin and this must be treated at once.
The tooth may be loose or displaced and the gums are more likely to bleed. In order to detect, spot, and evaluate the extent of tooth fracture, dental X-rays play a vital role in most cases.
Trauma to the teeth or face may be caused by injury and falls from specific sports like hockey, baseball, football, basketball, volleyball, and soccer as well as automobile accidents. Such trauma may consist of memory lapse, ears and nose bleeding, serious earache and headache, dizziness, fracture of the jaw/s and skull, concussion and/or disorientation. In addition to this, there are a lot of hospitals that have oral surgeons on call who treat fractures of the lower and upper jaw and execute emergency tooth extractions as well as reconstruction of the dental arches.
Dental injury without linked neck and head trauma can be assessed and treated in a dentist’s clinic. These dental injuries include fractured or broken teeth or displaced teeth caused by unexpected external forces.
Such dental accidents might be linked with swelling of the oral tissue as well as the gum. Ice cubes and cold packs which are put either in the mouth directly on top of the injured tooth or outside the lips and cheeks can minimize the swelling and pain prior the patient reaches his/her dentist.
Facts about Dental Injury:
- Deeper fractures could actually involve the dentin and the enamel of the tooth
- A minor broken tooth consists of enamel chipping only
- A severe fracture which exposes the pulp tissue and the dentin must be treated at once
- The death of pulp tissue may lead to severe abscess and tooth infection
- Care must be taken to manage the crown of the tooth
- The most vital variable impacting the weary tooth reimplantation success is the period of time that the tooth is out of its socket
On the other hand, there are a lot of ways on how to prevent mouth and teeth injuries:
- Be gentle when putting a spoon or bottle in a kid or baby’s mouth
- Do not run or walk with objects in the mouth
- Regular dental checkups
- Coordinating protruding front teeth with dental braces and utilizing mouth protectors and face masks while playing your sports
Going outside is fun, but be sure to take the necessary preventative measures so fractured teeth and other injuries can be avoided. Know where to turn for help if injuries do happen: stay safe in the world!
Disclaimer: The oral health information published on this web page is solely intended for educational purposes. Hawaii Family Dental strongly recommends to always consult licensed dentists or other qualified health care professionals for any questions concerning your oral health.