Post-operative care is fundamental following an oral operation and recovery may take a long time if this care is overlooked. Some discomfort, stiffness, swelling, and bleeding is expected after the operation procedure. In addition to this, it is helpful for the patient to be observed by a family member or an adult for the duration of the day of the dental operation.
Essential Instructions for Extraction Post-Operative Care
Stiffness and swelling are to be expected. This may increase on the first two days and afterward, it will subside. This can be controlled by using heat and ice as follows:
- Heat: Stiffness and swelling may be relieved through warm and moist heat that is carefully applied to the jaws on the second and third days after the operation.
- Ice: A patient may consider using ice for the first twelve up to twenty hours. This must be applied to the cheeks for approximately twenty minutes and alternately remove it for twenty minutes.
The stiffness that can emerge will commonly be relieved by heat application, gentle stretching exercises starting the day after the operation and chewing gum at intervals.
- Be reminded that the gauze pad that was placed after the operation functions as a safeguarding dressing and must be left in place for about two up to three hours with mild pressure applied. The patient may expect some oozing. In case there’s excessive bleeding, this may be controlled by the use of clean gauze that is put directly on the surgical spot and held with firm pressure for about one hour till the bleeding is controlled. In case the bleeding continues, get advice from the office or emergency room.
- Hinging on the nature of the oral operation which was done and the nature of the patient, some discoloration on the face may be observed for three up to five days after the operation. In case this takes place, there is no reason to be worried.
- This factor should not be ignored. A light diet is advised on the day of surgery such as shakes, soups, and instant breakfast. The next day, a soft diet to a regular diet as advised may be started.
- The lower teeth’s roots are adjacent to the lower jaw’s nerves. So, when the tooth is pulled out, the nerve may be a bit upset which may result in numbness in the lower lip, chin and lower teeth located at that spot. Nobody can exactly identify how long this will remain; however, this is rarely permanent.
- In case there’s excessive bleeding, fever, difficulty in breathing or other upsetting problems after the operation, the patient must contact the dental clinic at once or directly head to the emergency room.
- Oral Hygiene. Tooth brushing, spitting, and rinsing must be avoided on the day of operation. Beginning on the day after the operation, only mild but frequent rinsing with warm salt water is recommended. Consider that good oral hygiene is crucial to natural wound healing.
- If needed, the patient will be given a prescription for medication. This can be purchased at any pharmacy and must be used as prescribed. Pain is expected and maybe even severe during a few hours after the surgical procedure. It is advised that the prescription be began about one up to two hours after the operation and continued as prescribed.
- For the first 24 hours, activities should only be minimal. Discontinue smoking for at least three days. Rest quietly with head elevated. It is not advisable to return to normal activities or work right away.
Disclaimer: The oral health information published on this web page is solely intended for educational purposes. Hawaii Family Dental strongly recommends to always consult licensed dentists or other qualified health care professionals for any questions concerning your oral health.