What procedures can a dentist perform?
A general dentist performs most dental procedures especially the common ones and the less complicated issues often addressed by a dental specialist. Some of the procedures a general dentist can do are dental check-up, dental fillings, teeth cleaning, and tooth extraction.
What is a dental check-up?
A dental check-up is a recommended dental procedure that an individual must undergo at least twice a year. Through a dental check-up, dentists detect and address dental problems as soon as possible.
A dental check-up will involve an examination of the oral cavity. It checks for indications of dental caries, periodontal diseases, and oral cancer. Additionally, a dental check-up will also require a review of the patient’s medical and dental records to ensure that the treatment plan will not negatively impact his health and be suitable for his body’s need and condition.
Patients, especially first-timers at the dental office, will need to undergo a dental X-ray as part of a dental check-up. It provides a more detailed and accurate look on the condition of the teeth, gums, and mouth, giving the dentist an additional perspective on how to correctly create the treatment plan for the patient.
What is a dental filling?
A dental filling is a restorative material used during a dental filling procedure. It fills the space left by the removal of a cavity. Dentists perform the procedure to repair and restore a broken or cracked tooth.
The usual materials used as dental fillings are an amalgam, composite resin, porcelain, and gold. Each of the material has its advantages and disadvantages.
To place the dental filling, the dentist will administer local anesthetic to numb the area surrounding the affected tooth. Using a drill, air abrasion, or a laser, he or she will remove the decayed area. He will also clean and prep for the filling. Finally, the dentist will fill and polish the filled area.
What is a teeth cleaning procedure?
A teeth cleaning is a standard and recommended procedure for the maintenance of oral health. Brushing and flossing may be insufficient to keep the teeth at their best condition. Therefore, dentists recommend a professional cleaning to remove dental plaque and oral irritants that may have inhabited on the teeth and mouth. Through teeth cleaning, the risk of developing cavities and gum disease is reduced.
What is tooth extraction?
Although dentists work hard to restore and repair all teeth, there are cases wherein removing the tooth will be a better option as the risk of bacteria spreading can become higher otherwise.
When the tooth is extracted, it is removed from the alveolus or dental socket in the alveolar bone. To do this, the patient needs to undergo an X-ray image to view the location of the affected tooth accurately. A review of the medical and dental records of the patient will also be needed to ensure that he is qualified to undergo such procedure and to be aware of the consequences that can arise through it.
Next, the dentist will use a local anesthetic to numb the area of the tooth he or she will extract. After the procedure, the patient will need to bite down on a cotton gauze pad to reduce the bleeding.