Tooth fractures can range from mild (chipping of the external tooth layers) to serious (horizontal, diagonal, or vertical fractures of the root). Dentin and enamel are considered two external guarding layers of the tooth. However, our teeth are not immune to injuries, even when we are careful.
Wear and tear caused by chewing hard objects like hard candies, nuts, ice cubes, and pencils may also result in tooth fractures. A severe fracture exposes the pulp tissue and the dentin. If a tooth is loose or displaced, the gums are more likely to bleed as a result. Due to the significant pain and risks these symptoms can cause, severe fractures must be treated as soon as possible.
Tending to Mouth Injuries
In order to detect, spot, and evaluate the extent of tooth fracture, dental X-rays play a vital role in most cases.
Trauma to the teeth or mouth may be caused by direct impact. For instance, falls from playing sports like hockey or being involved in an automobile accident can contribute to mouth injuries. Such trauma may consist of memory lapse, earache and headache, dizziness, fracture of the jaw and/or skull, concussion and/or disorientation.
Due to this, many hospitals have oral surgeons on call to treat fractures of the lower and upper jaw. These surgeons can also execute emergency tooth extractions and reconstruction of the dental arches.
Dental injury without neck or head trauma can be assessed and treated in a dentist’s clinic. These dental injuries include fractured, broken, or displaced teeth caused by unexpected external forces.
Such dental accidents might be linked with swelling of the gums. Ice cubes and cold packs can minimize the swelling and pain before the patient reaches his/her dentist.
Facts about Dental Injury:
- Deeper fractures could involve the dentin and the enamel of the tooth.
- Minor fractures consist of the enamel chipping only.
- A severe fracture exposing the pulp and the dentin must be treated at once.
- The death of pulp tissue may lead to a severe abscess and/or tooth infection.
- The amount of time a dislodged tooth is out of its socket indicates the success of the tooth’s reimplantation.
- If your tooth becomes dislodged, placing it in cold milk on the way to the dentist can help it alive.
On the other hand, there are a lot of ways on how to prevent mouth and teeth injuries:
- Be gentle when putting a spoon or bottle to your child or baby’s mouth.
- Do not run or walk with objects in the mouth. Teach your children the same, if applicable.
- Make sure to always schedule regular dental checkups.
- Utilize mouth guards and/or face masks while playing sports.
Going outside is fun, but be sure to take the necessary preventative measures so fractured teeth and other injuries can be avoided. Know where to turn for help if injuries do happen.