Endodontics - Root Canal Therapy & More
When your teeth become affected with an infection, an endodontic treatment is needed to save the teeth.
Endodontics is a field of Dentistry specialized with the dental pulp and the tissues surrounding the tooth roots. An endodontic treatment involves the treatment of the soft pulp tissue inside the tooth which comprises blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissues.
The most common endodontic treatment is on the root canal which refers to the natural cavity within the center of the tooth. In the root canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed, and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. The root canal procedure is done to repair and save a badly decayed or infected tooth.
The process will begin with an examination of the tooth through X-rays to see the shape of the canals and signs of an infection in a surrounding bone. A local anesthetic will then be administered to numb the tooth. To separate the tooth and keep it clean and free from saliva, a small protective sheet called a dental dam is positioned over the area while undergoing the procedure.
The endodontist will use specialized instruments to create an opening or access hole in the tooth’s crown and clean the inflamed and infected pulp. Afterward, the insides of the root canal are shaped and filled with gutta-percha, a sealer paste and rubber compound. The next appointment will then involve placing a crown or other restoration work to restore the tooth’s full function.
Have a deep tooth infection in one or more of your teeth? You might need a root canal to save that tooth.
Every tooth has a soft inner section of tissue, appropriately called pulp. This is where you find all of your tooth’s delicates; nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. If bacteria find their way into the pulp by way of cracked teeth or deep cavities,, this can cause pain, inflammation, and infection.
Why Remove the Pulp?
If you tooth’s pulp is damaged or infected, you’ll know it, thanks to all of the pain and swelling. The pulp may need to be removed to keep other tissues in your mouth from getting infected.
If bacteria attacks the bone beneath the tooth, you’re in serious trouble. Infections and abscesses outside the roots can be life threatening if they spread into the tissues of your head and neck. If you don’t get it treated fast, your going to need a full tooth extraction, no questions asked.
Removing a tooth isn’t always the end of your problems… sometimes it’s the beginning of a set of new ones.
Teeth surrounding the extraction may shift or tilt slightly. This can make chewing difficult. Cleaning may also become challenging, which sets you up for repeating the cycle of gum disease all over again.
A root canal can save the your natural tooth and keep you from having to deal with these problems.
How the Treatment Works
- First, we numb the tooth and place a thin sheet of latex rubber to keep it isolated and clean. We then make an opening through the crown of the tooth to give us access to the pulp.
- Through this opening, we remove the pulp from the chamber and root canal spaces. We then clean and shape each root canal so it’s ready to be filled.
- Your dentist may medicate the area afterwards to get rid of bacteria before finishing the root canal.
- Your root canal is usually filled and sealed with a rubber-like material, and we then place a temporary filling in the access hole to prevent contamination.
- Next, your temporary filling is removed, and the tooth is restored with a crown or filling to strengthen it.
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